As scientists and healthcare providers continue to refine the current treatments for stroke and develop other treatments, some of the guidelines presented on this site may change. The recommendations listed on this site are intended to help health professionals make more informed decisions concerning the care of their individual patients. As always, those responsible for direct patient care will base their treatment decisions primarily on information they gather from their patients and the circumstances specific to those patients. This site will assist in making those decisions but is not intended to replace the expertise available only to those in direct contact with stroke victims.

Disclaimers from the individual member organizations:

  • American Academy of Neurology
    This guide is intended solely as a resource of patient information materials and services. The organizations and materials listed in this publication are in no way reviewed or endorsed by the Academy or its members.
  • American Stroke Association, a Division of American Heart Association
    You may access a single copy of this copyrighted material for your own personal research, scientific, and/or information purposes only. No part of any AHA transmission may be otherwise copied, downloaded, stored in a retrieval system, further transmitted or otherwise reproduced, stored, distributed for sale, sold, disseminated, transferred or used, or incorporated in any other work, in any form or by any means. Each AHA transmission must contain the AHA copyright notice. By accessing and/or downloading this file, you expressly agree and consent to the foregoing terms and conditions.
  • National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke
    All NINDS health-related material is provided for information purposes only and does not necessarily represent endorsement by or an official position of NINDS or any other Federal agency. Advice on the treatment or care of an individual patient should be obtained through consultation with a physician who has examined that patient or is familiar with that patient’s medical history.
  • National Stroke Association
    The medical information presented on this website is meant for general educational purposes only. Persons should consult qualified physicians regarding specific medical concerns or treatment. All content contained on this site is copyright protected by National Stroke Association and may not be reproduced, sold, broadcast or disseminated in any form without permission from the National Stroke Association.

Disclaimers from contributing organizations:

  • The Cleveland Clinic Foundation
    The statements and opinions expressed herein are those of the authors and not necessarily those of The Cleveland Clinic Foundation or The Boards of Trustees.
  • Kaiser Permanente
    The information on this website is provided by Kaiser Permanente. While we try to keep the information as accurate as possible, we disclaim any implied warranty or representation about its accuracy or completeness, or appropriateness for a particular purpose. You assume full responsibility for using the information at this site, and you understand and agree that Kaiser Permanente is neither responsible nor liable for any claim, loss, or damage resulting from its use. The mention of specific products or services at this site does not constitute or imply a recommendation or endorsement by Kaiser Permanente, unless it is explicitly stated.